Knee Replacement Surgeries

The knee joint, which appears like a simple hinge-joint, is one of the most complex joint. Moreover, the knee is more likely to be injured than any other joint in the body. We tend to ignore our knees until something happens to them that causes pain. If we take good care of our knees now, before there is a problem, we can really help ourselves. In addition, if some problems with the knees develop, an exercise program can be extremely beneficial.

Arthroscopy of the knee joint.

Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which an arthroscope is inserted into a joint. Arthroscopy is a term that comes from two Greek words "arthro", meaning "joint" and "skopein", meaning to "examine". The benefits of arthroscopy involve smaller incisions, faster healing, a more rapid recovery, and less scarring. Arthroscopic surgical procedures are often performed on an outpatient basis and the patient is able to return home on the same day.

Tests carried out before the surgery

A complete medical history is taken a complete physical examination, including x-rays is taken You may undergo blood tests or other tests as directed by your physician. Procedure to replace a knee with an artificial knee Usually surgery to replace a knee lasts for two hours and it uses either cemented prostheses or uncemented prostheses as they are the two most common types of prosthesis available A knee prosthesis is made up of metal and plastic. Surgical cement is used to attach to the bone in case of cemented prosthesis where as in uncemented prosthesis bone is attached with a fine mesh of holes on the surface, in order for the bone to grow into the mesh and attach naturally to the prosthesis. Surgery is usually carried out under general anesthesia or with spinal or epidural anesthesia.